Aggregates are raw materials that are produced from natural sources and extracted from pits and quarries, including gravel, crushed stone, and sand. When used with a binding medium, like water, cement, and asphalt, they are used to form compound materials, such as asphalt concrete and Portland cement concrete. 
Aggregate is a landscaping term that’s used to describe coarse to medium grain material. The most common types of aggregate that are used in landscaping include: crushed stone, gravel, sand, and fill. Varying in material and stone size, each type can have its own purpose when it comes to landscaping projects.
Definition of aggregate
to collect or gather into a mass or whole The census data were aggregated by gender. 2 : to amount to (a whole sum or total) : total audiences aggregating several million people. aggregate. Aggregate materials help to make concrete mixes more compact. They also decrease the consumption of cement and water and contribute to the mechanical strength of the concrete, making them an indispensable ingredient in the construction and maintenance of rigid structures.

What is meant by aggregate in concrete?

Aggregates are inert granular materials such as sand, gravel, or crushed stone that, along with water and portland cement, are an essential ingredient in concrete.

What is the size of aggregate?

Coarse aggregates are particulates that are greater than 4.75mm. The usual range employed is between 9.5mm and 37.5mm in diameter. – Fine aggregates are usually sand or crushed stone that are less than 9.55mm in diameter. Typically the most common size of aggregate used in construction is 20mm.
Types of aggregates include Coarse aggregate and fine aggregate. The aggregate of each type is further sub-divided into many types and classification based on its size.

How do aggregates work?

When two teams play home and away, the total added score of the two matches is called the aggregate score. In two-legged tournaments, the team with the higher aggregate score against their opponent advances to the next round. The aggregate score is calculated by adding the goals scored by both teams across two matches.
Basic properties of aggregates include mineralogical composition, surface texture and grain shape, dustiness, porosity, frost resistance, resistance to abrasion and polishing, and asphalt absorption capacity.
What are the three main sources of aggregates?
  • Aggregates from rocks of igneous origin.
  • Aggregates from rocks of sedimentary origin.
  • Aggregates from rocks of metamorphic origin.

What is the source of aggregates?

Crushed aggregate is produced by crushing quarry rock, boulders, cobbles, or large-size gravel. Recycled concrete is a viable source of aggregate and has been satisfactorily used in granular subbases, soil-cement, and in new concrete.
The best global aggregate companies
  • The largest U.S. producer of construction aggregates, Vulcan Materials Company provides crushed stone, sand and gravel to national construction corporations. …
  • For years, Martin Marietta Aggregates has trailed behind Vulcan Materials as the top aggregate company in the United States.


Central Asia is expected to become one of the centres of global aggregates production during the next few years, due to the recently announced ambitious plans of some of the region’s governments. Eugene Gerden reports. To date, the majority of Central Asia-based nations’ aggregates needs have been met by imports from China and Russia. However, due to a significant deterioration of the business environment in the region caused by the decline of oil prices, further imports have become no longer profitab